Stain Matching
Staining 101 Process Matched Floor Lines Species Finish
The Basics

There are two basic ways colors can be mixed to make other colors. One way is by combining color illumination or light. The other way is by mixing together media such as paint, inks, dyes, and other colorants. This is called "subtractive" color mixing.

Subtractive mixing takes place whenever any two or more colors of paint, marker, ink, or dye are mixed together

Subtractive mixing is also used when one or more transparent color media are applied one over the other.

Stain is composed of the same three primary ingredients as paint (pigment, solvent, and binder) but is predominantly pigment (or dye) and solvent with little binder. Much like the dying or staining of fabric, wood stain is designed to add color to the substrate of wood and other materials while leaving the substrate mostly visible. Transparent varnish or surface films are applied afterwards. In principle, stains do not provide a surface coating or film. However, because the binders are from the same class of film-forming binders that are used in paints and varnishes, some build-up of film occurs.

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